Alexander Pope English Poet, Born May 21, 1688 in London to a Roman Catholic family. Known as the ‘Wasp of Twickenham‘, Pope was born in London of Roman Catholic parents but in 1700 the family moved to Binfield in Windsor Forest which the anti-Catholic legislation to depart from London. A precocious boy, Pope mostly studied at home. Later several retired men of letters in his neighbourhood, particularly William Walsh, encouraged him as a prodigy. His pastorals brought him fame and it was followed by An Essay on Criticism,a poetic codification of neoclassical critical doctrine. His mock-epic, The Rape of the Lock, is his most widely-read poem and presents him as a poet of verbal beauty, polish and correctness. He also translated Homer and edited the Works of Shakespeare, and these two work embroiled him in the literary infighting of the age. Theobald, Colley Cibber and An Epistle to his anger expressed respectively in The Dunciad and An Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot. Pope died in 1844 but by that time he had already established himself as the principal satirist of his age and as an adeptr manipulator of the heroic couplet.
alexander Pope was a leading poet of the augustan Age or the age of Neo-classicism. In tune with the Genre-theory, he wrote poems in almost every from of poetry but it is as a satirist that he produced three masterpieces: The Rape of the Lock, The Dunciad and An Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot. His satirical bent of mind responded to the urban ethos of his age and its neo-classical emphasis on precision and correctness. In his Lectures on the English Poets (1818) William Hazlitt wrote of Pope: ‘He was not distinguished as a Poets of lofty enthusiasm, of strong imagination, with a passionate sense, of observation, and the world….. . He was in a word, the poet of nature but of art.’