A. K. Ramanujan

A. K Ramanujan (1929-1993)
A. K Ramanujan (1929-1993)

A.(Attipat) K.(Krishnaswami) Ramanujan (1929-1993),poet, translator and academician, has been a towering figure in the domain of the post-Independence Indian English Poetry and also a major literary and cultural link between India and America. He was born in Mysore, Karnataka and taught at various colleges in south India. This fact accounts for his sound knowledge of Tamil and Kannada from both of which he has translated copiously. In 1959 he went to the United States and after earning his Ph.D. in Linguistics from Indiana University, he taught mainly at the University of Chicago from 1962 till his death in 1993.

His collection of poetry in english are the Strides (1966),Relations (1971),and Second Sight (1986), and his books of poems in Kannada Hokkulalli huvilla (1969) and Mattu Itara Padyagalu (1977).Among his works of translation are The Interior Landscape (1967), Hymns for the Drowning (1981) and Poems of Love and War (1985), from Tamil, Speaking of shiva (1973) and U.R. Anantha Murthy’s Samskara(1976), from Kannada,and Folk Tales from India(1992). His Collected poems appeared in 1995.

A.K. Ramanujan had settled in the U.S. and thus is a poet of the India Diaspora. Yet his roots in India impose a recognizable pattern on his corpus. His American colours his ‘still another view of grace’, where a personal crisis is explored. Ramanujan is a senior poet whose works score a high watermark in Indian-English poetry.
Ramanujan’s poetry is of the intellect. He follows the imagist tradition of Ezra pound which he fuses with a very Indian sensibility.