Matthew Arnold was born in Rugby on December 24, 1822 and educated at Rugby and Oxford. His father was Headmaster of the famous public school of Rugby, celebrated in Tom Brown’s Schooldays. He worked for thirty years as Inspector of schools and then became Professor of Poetry at Oxford. He is well know as a poet of considerable merit. In a letter to his sister he correctly assessed himself as a poet: ‘It might be fairly argued that I have less poetical sentiment than Tennyson and less intellectual vigour and abundance than Browning; yet because I have perhaps more of a fusion of the two than either of them,I am likely to have my turn as they have theirs’. His poems include such work as Sohrab and Rustom, The Scholar Gypsy, ‘Rugby Chapel’ and ‘Dover Beach’. His Culture and Anarchy, a criticism of social and political life of England, is a book of particular significance.