Robert Frost

Robert Frost (1874-1963)
Robert Frost (1874-1963)

Robert Lee Frost, was born to William Prescott Frost and Isabella Moodie on March 26, 1874 at San Francisco, California, United States. The early years of his life were spent in California, but after the death of his father, the family moved to Salem, New Hampshire. He graduated from Lawrence High School and entered Dartmouth college remaining there for less than one semester. Frost eked out a living by working in mills, school teaching and newspaper reporting. In his leisure time he wrote poetry and in 1894 his first poem ‘My Butterfly’ was published in the Independent, a New York city magazine. He attended Harvard as a special studentfor some time and then left to settle at a small farm in Derry, New Hampshire. In 1912 he sailed to England where he devoted his time to farming and writing poetry. His first book of poem, A Boy’s Will (1913) was published in London. This brought him critical acclaim and in the following year he published North of Boston (1914). Soon after he returned to america and published ‘Mountain Interval’ (1916), New Hampshire (1923), West-Running Boston (1928), A further Range (1936), A Witness Tree (1942) Steeple Bush (1947), and In the Clearing (1962). Frost taught in various colleges and was invited to read his poems thoughout the United States, for, by now he had become famous as the national bard, ‘the voice of America’. He won four Pulitzer Prizes and was conferred honorary degree from 44 colleges and Universities. He was honoured by the United States Senate which passed resolutions on his birthdays; and invited him in 1961 to the inaugural of John F. Kennedy where he read poem ‘the Gift Outright’.

Though a modern poet, Frost chose ‘the old-fashioned way to be new’. He used simple, almost colloquial, speech in his poetry employing the traditional from of lyric and narrative. His subject-matter was the traditional forms of lyric and narrative. His subject- matter was drawn from the common everyday experience & occupations of rural people, set against the background of the region north of Boston.

It is for this reason that he has been called a pastoral poet and a regionalist. Like Wordsworth, he wrote of natural scenes and sights, flora and fauna but did not see any ‘holy plan’ in Nature. His love for Nature was more comprehensive, portraying both its sensuous beauty as also its harsher, unpleasant aspects. However, the central..